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雅思阅读同义替换词的考点

中国雅思网 发表时间:2012年8月27日 来源:互联网

雅思阅读题目出题的本质是三种替换:同义词/词组替换,句型替换,语法替换,笔者将从这三方面根据学生在叶毅斌老师的雅思阅读课堂中所做的笔记进行分类整理。以下是剑桥真题中的考点词,替换词,一次多义总结:

1.rigid/stiff/unchanged/little change 僵硬的,一成不变的

2.significant/enormous/dramatic/tremendous/appreciably/remarkable/crucial/巨大的,明显的,程度大的/substantial

3.approximately 将近 nearly, almost

4.proportion/percentage 比例

5.be involved (in)/involve in/involvement[n.] 涉及,卷入,参与

6.given/considering , in regard to/despite/although 有鉴于

考虑到,尽管

6.induce [v] 引入,引导,引诱/inductive [n] 归纳 (deduce/deductive推断)

7.fortune/destiny/chances

8.deplete开采完,耗尽/exhaust –exhaust emission (尾气)排放/exploit

9.complex 错综复杂的/complicated/sophisticated 老奸巨滑的,复杂的

10.capacity能力,容量/competence (竞争)能力/ability 能力(笼统的)

11.确保,保障:Secure-security/ensure (insure)/guarantee 押金

12.solely/merely/only

13.a vast arrayof 系列/a great variety of 花样,品种/a great rang 系列 of

14.pesticide 杀虫/suicide 自杀/homicide/murder杀人

15.believe/assume (responsibility)/suppose

16.授权,委百家乐怎么玩托:authorize/commission 佣金/entitle 头衔 + ment =right (权利)

17.purchase/buy

18. ethnic 种族的/ethic 伦理,道德的 + s =[n.]

19. modify/change [v] shift work 轮班工作[n]

20. insight/knowledge/learning/understanding/knowing

21.constrain拘泥,限制/restrict 限制/limit

22. circumstance 环境(社会 )/surroundings/environment 环境( 环保 )背景 background 后台/settings后台,布景/context 上下文( 文章中 )

23.notorious 臭名昭著的/flagrant臭的 fragrant 香的

24.移民:immigrant (进来)/emigrant(出去)/migrant

25.兴旺,繁荣;prosperous/thriving/booming(人口,行业)/flourishing

26.神圣的:divine/heavenly/holy/sacred

27.有毒的:poisonous/toxic ( in-, non- 无毒的)

28.致命的:deadly/fatal/lethal/mortal

29.类似于:look like/resemble

30. chronic长期的,慢性的— long-term 长期的

31.网恋:virtual love/cyberlove

32.网友:on-line /net/cyber friend

上网(聊天)chat on line/go on-line cyber café/网吧

33.evolve-evolution 进化/revolute-revolution 革命,旋转/involve-involution 卷入,涉及

34. indicator/predictor表示诠释,预测

35.indicate/demonstrate/display/exhibit/betray

36. therapist /expert/specialist

37. 优点,长处,美德:advantage/merit/virtue/length

38. commonest/frequent

39. 未开发的,初级的:rudimentary/underdeveloped

40. 退化:degenerate/-tion [n] ->generate 生产,制造/degrade-> grade 等级/deteriorate 恶化,每况愈下

41. 分类:category-categorize/class-classify

42. consequence后果->影响/subsequence紧跟其后/sequence=order秩序/frequency频率

43.clash 冲突(民族,种族)/crash 飞机坠毁

44.substitution=> substitute sth for sb /replace

45.alternative=>选择性,代替性,辅助性

46.孤立:isolate/alienate/insulate隔绝, 排外,孤立->be aliento/insulate (-ior) 绝缘,隔热(体)

47.缺点,不足之处:defect/flaw/failing/disadvantage/drawback

48.创新的,发明的,新颖的,创新的:inventive (-tion)/innovative (-tion)/creative(-tion)/ingenious (ity)/novel (-ty) => [n] creative/revolutionary

·易错拼写:environment/convenient

49.neutral中立的,中性的 /negative否定,消极,阴性的 /positive 肯定,积极,阳性的

50.ambiguous->ambiguity模棱两可的,暧昧的/obscure

51.communicate 沟通,传达,通报

52.accommodate 1供...食宿,2=adaptto 适应,调整,3=hold 容纳,4使…停靠

53.commitment to sth 奉献 2 责任,义务

54.contribute to导致 result in /account for (占据)导致

54.缺乏的,不足的:inadequate/insufficient/deficient/lack (of)/short (of)

55.强调:emphasize/stress/highlight/focus on/concentrate on

明显的:apparently 显而易见的/patently 道貌岸然的/obviously =>evidently

56.对…怀疑:(be) /skeptical/skeptical /dubious/suspicious(about/of)

57.缺点,缺陷:drawback/fault/defect/imperfection/failing/weakness/shortcoming/flaw

58.臭命昭著的:notorious->notoriety/flagrant/smelly/odorous

59.机构,组织:association/structure/organization

60.超过:exceed/surpass

61.岩浆:molten rock/lava/magma

62.语言:linguist 语言学家/lingual 和语言有关的/bilingual/ 双语

63.多种多样的:diversity/variety/breed/species

breed:[n]品种,[v]繁殖,培养,引起,造成

64.dialect方言 accent腔调

65.开始的,初步的:begin/launch/initial (-ly) [v]首字母,开始的/initiate开始,发动->initiative原创性= origin

66.贫穷:poor/in poverty/impoverished( 被剥夺财产的)

67.杰出:eminence (-t)/prominence (-t)/unusual

68.gene/genetic defect ~缺陷/anatomy解剖/conceive构思,怀孕/deliver分娩

69.辅助性:alternative 补充性/therapist

70.演绎,推理:deduce->deductive/inferential induce 引导,引入,归纳-> induction 归纳

71.令人困惑的:bewildering/puzzling/perplexing

72.apply:紧靠,涂,将…应用于,适用,专心致力于,献身于

73.subsidize辅助/subsidy 补助,补贴/subsidiary

74.a factor in sth/depend on sth

75.be preferred by/choice

76.attitude to/how

77.the present century/modern society

78.broad/great

79.in term of 按照,在…方面,关于/with regard to, in spite of 不顾,尽管

80. small-scale 小范围/marginal 边缘处的

81. physical/medical

82. negotiation/agreement 谈判,洽谈/商定,协议

83.evolve/develop来源:

84.apartment/accommodation 公寓/住房

85.virtual (love)/simulate 模拟的(网恋)/模拟

86.catastrophe/disaster 大灾难/灾难,不幸

87.innovate/invent 革新,创新/发明,创造

sculpture/craft 雕刻,雕塑/工艺

88.exorbitant/expensive 过度的,极高的/费用大的,昂贵的

89. be participant in/take part in /participate in

90.labour [美,澳]/work

91.attend to/take care of

92.dualemployment/dual-worker 双职工(家庭)

93.indicate/predict 指示,表明,象征/预料,预言

A major contributor to/be central to 来源,起点/是…的主要,中心原因

94.expert/therapist 专家,能手;知识丰富的/某个专科的专家

95.lead to/be associated with 相联系(带来…的好处)

96.balanced/equitable 平等的

97.handicap/disabled/primitive残疾的,落后的

98. could not-and cannot/has always been unable to

by/from

99.benefit/advantage

100.substantial influence/greater likelihood

101.agree on/define

102.considered desirable/effectiveness

103.masquerade/(in) disguise 伪装

104.insignificant/didn’t seriously 不重要/不严重的

105.inspect/examine审核,检查

106.caliber/criterion 标准

107.no-one know >< notorious 无人知晓><臭名昭著的

108.dissatisfy/argue 不满意/厌恶,讨厌

109.pessimism/negative/blue>< optimistic 悲观的,忧郁的>< 乐观的

110.unsatisfactory/hardly be looked upon

111.identify/define

112.turn… into/become

113.urban/rural/suburban

114.demolish/knock down/dismantle毁坏,拆毁(建筑物)/敲,打

115.migration/move 迁移/移动

116.pay/charge sb for 向某人…猛攻,充电,负责,付费,控诉

117.separate/split 分开,使隔绝,提取/分,劈开

118.fascination/attraction(-e:[v]) 迷住,吸引住

119.not require/unnecessary 不需要/不必要

120.decode/decipher 译解(密码),解释

121.delay/drawback= disadvantage 耽误,延迟/欠缺,弊端

122.association/organization 机构,关联/组织

123.recent/current/nowadays/present 最近的/现代的/当今的/现在

124.intensive burst/explosive release 强烈的爆发/爆炸性的释放

125.recognized/identified 承认,识别,认可/识别,鉴别

126.aim to/focuson 针对,目标,打算/集中

127.link…to/lead to 连接/导致,通向

128. inadequate(diet)/deficiency(in trace minerals) 不充分,不适当的/缺乏,不足

129.basic/fundamental 基础的,基本的

130.seize/catch 捕捉,抓住

131.fatal/lethal 致命的

132.success on/running on 成功

133.costly/be related by 有关系的

134.be obtained in/be derived in 获得,流行,通用/由…产生,起源于

135.high-income/wealthy 高收入的/富裕的

136.be alike/be similarto 相同的,相似的

137.indicate/show 显示,指出,象征

138. eliminate/lessen ><消除/减少

139. not risen significantly/stagnate 停滞不前的

140.salary/wage 工资:总称/蓝领的

141.create/gain 创造,造成/获得,增加

efficiently/increased productivity 有效率的/上升的生产率

142.economy/financial 经济

143.administration/management

144.(be) sympathetic/understand 同情的,赞同/理解

145.introduce/involve 引入/卷入

146.change/different

147.die>< exist 死亡><存在

148.almost/approximately

149.be out of date/be developed

150.solve/reduce 减少

151.famous/eminent

152.barrier/ hurdle

153.higher position/top post