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写作需熟练掌握形容词与副词的比较与最高级

中国雅思网 发表时间:2013年4月27日

1.形容词adj.副词adv的比较级,最高级

形容词,副词的比较级和最高级是基本内容,例如

1)单音节词,比较级+er,最高级+est

原形

比较级

最高级

small

smaller

Smallest

deep

deeper

Deepest

例外: good, better, best; bad, worse, worst

有些单音节词,最后一个字母需要双写再+er, est,如: big, bigger, biggest.

2)多音节词,比较级more+adj./adv.原形,最高级most+adj./ adv.原形

原形

比较级

最高级

Striking

More striking

Most striking

Terrible

More terrible

Most terrible

例外: Pretty, prettier, prettiest,Clever, cleverer, cleverest

2.最高和最低

在图表写作时,有时候要对图表的最高点或最低点进行描述:

Thehighest

Thelargest

Thegreatest

Thesmallest

Thelowest

Proportion of beverages sold is beer,

Number of people travel by car.

3.比较

最高和最低时对图表的一个部分进行描述,当对图表的两个部分进行对比时:

1)比较相同和不同的基本词汇

相同不同相同不同
动词 Verb:Resemble Equal

Different from

contrast with

distinguish

between

介词

Prep

Like Similar to Equal toUnlike Different from As opposed to
连词 ConnectorSimilarly Likewise Correspondingly In the same way

However

In contrast

On the other hand

But

Although

Whereas

While

名词

Noun

A likeness, A similarityA difference A variation A dissimilarity
形容词

Adj

Equal Same SimilarDifferent Dissimilar
副词

Adv

Equally SimilarlyDifferently

例句

(1)相同:

The sales volumes of beer and wine are almost equal.

The sales volume of beer equals to that of wine.

(2)不同:

The sales volume of beer is different from that of fruit juice.

The sales volume of beer is high, however, that of fruit juice is low.

2)用于比较的一些苦丁用法

(1)as many…as

twice as many…as

four times as many…as

not as many…as

例句

Three times as many people travel by car by bus.

People who travel by cars are three times as many as those by bus.

(2)more/less

far/much/many/substantially/considerably/slightly + more/ less

例句

Substantially more people travel by car than by bus.

Car is substantially more common than bus.

Considerably less people travel by bus than by car.

Bus is much less common than car.

巧妙掌握比较和对比的技巧,相信图表题不再是一个难题!