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雅思口语part3相关话题解:environment

中国雅思网 发表时间:2016年12月12日

  关于雅思口语environment的问题,part3会问哪些内容?作为更深入话题的提问,回答起来需要更丰富的语料做基础。

  1.Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?

  2.Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  3.Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?

  4. Do you think there will be more environmental disasters caused by humans in the future?

  1. Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?

  这个题目看起来应该是非常好说的,环境问题,大家应该多少都是知道一些的。题目要求说some,我们大概说两个就差不多了。每个环境问题,我们可以把它的起因,现状和影响都陈述一下,回答的内容一定会是很充分的。下面列举一些常见的问题和对应的思路表达。

  全球变暖:global warming/ temperature rise/ carbon emission/ ice glaciers and caps melt/ sea level rise/ fishing industry/ residents living in coastal areas

  空气污染:air pollution/ exhaust from cars and factories/ burning of fossil fuels

  水污染:water/ ocean pollution/ chemical runoff/ untreated sewage

  白色污染:white pollution/ plastic bags/ non-biodegradable materials

  水土流失:soil erosion/ soil fertility decrease

  乱砍乱伐:deforestation/ unbalance ecosystem/

  下面也给大家一个范例回答:

  The most serious pollution that is widely discussed these days is global warming. With the increasing carbon emission and the loss of ozone layer, the global temperature is on the rise, which makes the ice glaciers and caps melt and the sea level increase. Therefore, many coastal areas have been flooded and people living there become displaced.

  2. Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  我个人觉得,比较真实的回答应该是没有的。因为如果有的话,其实这些问题就不会存在了,或者得到很好的缓解。而事实是,很多问题不但没有改善,而且还在恶化。那么,显然,政府做得还不够。I think governments have not done their best to deal with the environmental problems.

  下面就说说为啥:

  很多环境问题,比较宏观,影响面非常的广,根本没法一时半会解决,甚至根本不太可能解决。

  Many environmental problems are affecting very large areas, so that they cannot by dealt with in a short time or be tackled by one country.

  以中国为例,为什么我们对于一些污染治理不够?因为,社会经济的发展,很多时候,不可避免地会造成环境的破坏。比如我们这几年非常流行的雾霾的天气,其实就是工业高速发展的一个必然产物。当年伦敦也是一样的。所以,如果要做到绝对的杜绝污染,所有的排放物不能有一点的脏东西,那么,很多的产业就会收到严重的影响,经济会有巨大的打击。

  Also, take China as an example, if we impose strict rules on reducing the emission and on forcing factories to release their waste with no harmful material at all, many of the industries will be influenced. The local industry will be damaged.

  比如汽车,如果全部环保,都用电动的,那么很多人都买不起汽车了,那么人们的出行,社会的基本效率的保持,都会收到严重的影响。

  If we want to control the air pollution in the cities and replace all the existing cars with the electricity cars, many of the car users cannot afford buying cars and the productivity of the society will be reduced because they all have to take public transport instead.

  法律制定的得不是很完善,有些问题没有被写到法律中去。

  The current legal system is not perfect, many of the urgent issues have not be included in the law.

  法律的处罚措施太轻,不能起到约束的作用。比如我乱扔垃圾,通常是没有人回来阻止我,或者罚款的。及时罚款,可能就5块钱,10块钱。那么,下次,我可能还会扔垃圾。假设,扔垃圾一定会被捉到,每次罚款5千,我想我这辈子都不会再丢垃圾了。

  The punishment of the laws is not strict enough to restrict people from violating laws. For example, if the factory emits some chemical waste, they may not be immediately fined or only a small amount of money which is comparable to their benefit they make.

  相关环保法规的宣传力度不够,或者我们都知道要绿色出行,要绿色生活的方式,但是,到底怎么绿色,用什么方法,其实我们并不知道,所以,政府应该多做一些宣传片,或者学校里面增加相关的课程,去指导人们绿色环保。

  There is limited publicity of the environmental regulations. We may have some basic idea of law carbon lifestyle, but we fail to live that way because we are not told about how to live environmental friendly or how to recycle and reuse all the waste materials. The authority should make more videos and booklets to tell people the detailed steps in becoming greener in life.

  3. Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?

  原因如下:

  有些环境问题属于抽象宏观型,如果落实到某一个人的某一天的生活的话,没有很的明显的体现。比如全球变暖,温度确实在上升,但是具体到某一天,温度的变化几乎是微不足道的。甚至我们整体来看这十几年,其实平均温度也没有增加多少,可能只有零点几度而已。

  Some of the environment issue is too broad, if we view it from a daily basis in a small region, there is almost no sign of how the problem affects daily life. For example, we all know the complexity and seriousness of global warming, but for any single day, we may fail to experience an obvious temperature rise.

  很多问题离我们很远,比如沙漠化,我们只有当沙尘暴吹过来的时候才有体会,平常就不会想这件事情。

  Many issues are far away from where we normally live, such as desertification. Only when we are affected by sandstorm can we realize the seriousness of the problem.

  还有就是,我们觉得科技的发展可以完全解决这些问题。

  We may think that the advance in technology can greatly resolve all these problems.

  或者我们觉得这些都是政府的工作,他们已经或者一定会管理的,跟我们是没有关系的。

  We may think that the protection job is the responsibility of the central government. Ordinary people can do very little thing in these matters.

  4. Do you think there will be more environmental disasters caused by humans in the future?

  不会:

  很多的自然灾害,特别是一些大灾,比如海啸、地震,其实跟人类没有啥关系,主要是地壳的变动导致的,我们并不能左右。所以,从这个角度讲,并不会。

  Many of the nature disasters, such as earthquake and tsunami, are actually caused only by natural forces. There is nothing to do with humans. From this perspective, it won’t be more disasters because of humans.

  或者我们说,人们的环保意识越来越强,环保的手段越来越先进,很多时候是可以避免以前可能会造成的问题的。

  The awareness of environmental protection is raised by more publicity about environmental issues and more attention paid by international community. With the more advanced techniques, many disasters can be avoided or resolved by human beings.

  会:

  过分的消耗自己自然资源。会造成一系列的生态的不平衡和环境的灾害。

  The human being has exhausted the natural resources at an alarming rate, a series of disasters due to the unbalanced ecosystem is induced because of humans.

  全世界的大部分的国家和人的环保意思是很差的,很多时候我们不会去细想自己的行为可能造成的环境的问题。比如,你家离超市…

  The majority of the people in the world lack the sense of protecting ecosystem. They pay very little attention to the environmental consequence of their behavior.

  人们的很多的行为已经导致,也会导致更多的环境的灾害。比如说全球变暖,也许纵观全球,问题上升很不明显,但是这是一个平均值,我肯具体看到某一些地方的时候,会发现,上升的比较多,比如1度甚至2度。这1到2度的上升,实际上会给生态系统造成非常多的破坏,比如以海洋为例,每种鱼都有自己适合的生长温度,每一度的变化,可能就会死一批鱼,而这一批死了之后,他食物链上游的与,也就是吃它的鱼,就会变少,食物链下游的,被他吃的鱼就会增多,最后整个海洋系统就乱套了。

  Many of the human activities have already caused serious disasters and is about to trigger many chain effects in the coming decade. For example, every one degree increase of the world temperature will lead to the extinction of a lots of ocean species. Then, the predators of these species will die and preys of them will proliferate, and the whole animal chain will be damaged.

  人们对于环境的很多的破坏是不可逆转的。于是,很多连锁的反映都会逐渐显现出来。比如乱砍乱伐。一篇森林要形成,需要几百年甚至上千年的时候,但是我们破坏它,往往只有几年的时间。如果这片林子没了,所有以来于它的生态系统,各种生物植物就都消失了。并且,树林本来就是一个天然的氧吧,他把废弃吸收,把干净的氧气拍出来。如果林子都没有,那些工厂的废弃,那些沙尘就直接吹到我们的脸上。大家如果去看一些环保的纪录片,你会发现,很多被破坏的森林,后面的人想去重新种树,几乎就是不可能了。

  Many of the damage by humans are irreversible. For example, a forest is removed, all the creatures living on it will be displaced and die out.

  最后也希望通过这个题目,呼吁一下大家对于环保的意识,希望我们都能从生活的点滴做起,做出自己的一点点的努力。不仅仅是为了大自然本身,也是为了我们自己,为了我们的后代,或者说得高大上一点,为了人类的发展和生存。