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中国雅思网 发表时间:2016年12月12日


  1.Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?

  2.Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  3.Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?

  4. Do you think there will be more environmental disasters caused by humans in the future?

  1. Tell me about some of the environmental problems that are affecting countries these days?


  全球变暖:global warming/ temperature rise/ carbon emission/ ice glaciers and caps melt/ sea level rise/ fishing industry/ residents living in coastal areas

  空气污染:air pollution/ exhaust from cars and factories/ burning of fossil fuels

  水污染:water/ ocean pollution/ chemical runoff/ untreated sewage

  白色污染:white pollution/ plastic bags/ non-biodegradable materials

  水土流失:soil erosion/ soil fertility decrease

  乱砍乱伐:deforestation/ unbalance ecosystem/


  The most serious pollution that is widely discussed these days is global warming. With the increasing carbon emission and the loss of ozone layer, the global temperature is on the rise, which makes the ice glaciers and caps melt and the sea level increase. Therefore, many coastal areas have been flooded and people living there become displaced.

  2. Do you think that governments around the world are doing enough to tackle the problems?

  我个人觉得,比较真实的回答应该是没有的。因为如果有的话,其实这些问题就不会存在了,或者得到很好的缓解。而事实是,很多问题不但没有改善,而且还在恶化。那么,显然,政府做得还不够。I think governments have not done their best to deal with the environmental problems.



  Many environmental problems are affecting very large areas, so that they cannot by dealt with in a short time or be tackled by one country.


  Also, take China as an example, if we impose strict rules on reducing the emission and on forcing factories to release their waste with no harmful material at all, many of the industries will be influenced. The local industry will be damaged.


  If we want to control the air pollution in the cities and replace all the existing cars with the electricity cars, many of the car users cannot afford buying cars and the productivity of the society will be reduced because they all have to take public transport instead.


  The current legal system is not perfect, many of the urgent issues have not be included in the law.


  The punishment of the laws is not strict enough to restrict people from violating laws. For example, if the factory emits some chemical waste, they may not be immediately fined or only a small amount of money which is comparable to their benefit they make.


  There is limited publicity of the environmental regulations. We may have some basic idea of law carbon lifestyle, but we fail to live that way because we are not told about how to live environmental friendly or how to recycle and reuse all the waste materials. The authority should make more videos and booklets to tell people the detailed steps in becoming greener in life.

  3. Why do some people not consider environmental problems to be serious?



  Some of the environment issue is too broad, if we view it from a daily basis in a small region, there is almost no sign of how the problem affects daily life. For example, we all know the complexity and seriousness of global warming, but for any single day, we may fail to experience an obvious temperature rise.


  Many issues are far away from where we normally live, such as desertification. Only when we are affected by sandstorm can we realize the seriousness of the problem.


  We may think that the advance in technology can greatly resolve all these problems.


  We may think that the protection job is the responsibility of the central government. Ordinary people can do very little thing in these matters.

  4. Do you think there will be more environmental disasters caused by humans in the future?



  Many of the nature disasters, such as earthquake and tsunami, are actually caused only by natural forces. There is nothing to do with humans. From this perspective, it won’t be more disasters because of humans.


  The awareness of environmental protection is raised by more publicity about environmental issues and more attention paid by international community. With the more advanced techniques, many disasters can be avoided or resolved by human beings.



  The human being has exhausted the natural resources at an alarming rate, a series of disasters due to the unbalanced ecosystem is induced because of humans.


  The majority of the people in the world lack the sense of protecting ecosystem. They pay very little attention to the environmental consequence of their behavior.


  Many of the human activities have already caused serious disasters and is about to trigger many chain effects in the coming decade. For example, every one degree increase of the world temperature will lead to the extinction of a lots of ocean species. Then, the predators of these species will die and preys of them will proliferate, and the whole animal chain will be damaged.


  Many of the damage by humans are irreversible. For example, a forest is removed, all the creatures living on it will be displaced and die out.