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雅思写作语料库:如何改造罪犯

中国雅思网 发表时间:2016年12月30日

其实在雅思写作中,再好的范文,也只能告诉你如何写好一篇文章的骨架,而要做到有血有肉,言之有物,则要靠大量的观点语料的搜集整理。因此,小站在这里为同学们整理了雅思备考语料库,希望对备考的同学们有所帮助。本文主要分享关于如何改造罪犯的语料,话不多说,直接干货奉上!

Sending criminals to prison is not the effective method to deal with them. Education and job training should be used instead. To what extent do you agree or disagree? 将犯罪分子送进监狱不是有效的方式解决犯罪,我们应该给他们提供接受教育和工作培训的机会,是否认同?

相关题目:

Research suggests that majority of criminals who send to prison would commit crimes when set free, what do you think of this case? What can be done to solve this problem?持续犯罪的原因以及解决途径?

作家立场:针对不同的犯罪分子,采取不同的改造策略。

布局图:

首段:背景介绍 + 原题观点 + 作家立场

二段:让步原题观点的合理性

三段:反驳原题观点的不合理

尾段:再次亮明观点+ 总结理由

思路拓展:

1. 犯罪的形态不同,对于重刑犯或者屡教不改者,犯罪已是一种习惯,是报复他们认为不公的社会。因此,种罪重罚,延长刑期更加有效合理,因为这体现了法律的公正,对于受害者以及家属是一种精神安慰,更重要的是,这对于潜在的犯罪分子有威慑作用。

2. 对于一些少年犯罪者,过失犯罪者,冲动犯罪者,教育是有效的,教育帮助他们反思人生,明辨是非,增强守法意识,因此,刑期结束后,受过良好教育者更加容易融入社会,开启新的人生。

3. 对于一些服刑者来说,出狱后由于有入狱的经历受到社会和朋友的歧视,同时,找不到谋生的工作,想要开始新生活,心有余力不足,这种情况下,工作技能培训是可取的。

语料库:(包含少年犯罪、累计犯罪、传媒审查)

1. criminals = offenders = perpetrators 犯罪分子

2. teenage criminals = young offenders = juvenile law-breakers 少年犯

3. youth crime = teenage crime = juvenile delinquency 少年犯罪

4. domestic violence and parental neglect 家庭暴力和父母的疏于管理

5. sex and violence = pornography and violence 色情和暴力

6. corrupt one’s pure mind 毒害纯净心灵

7. stimulate one’s sadistic impulse诱发暴力冲动

8. misguide one’s life attitude 误导人生观

9. released prisoners = those who are set free from the prison 刑满释放人员

10. conduct some anti-social offences 做出反社会的行为

点评:亮点表达,推荐使用

11. embark on the criminal road 走上犯罪道路

12. turn to a life of crime开始罪恶的人生

13. habitual criminals = hardened criminals 惯犯

14. felons 重刑犯

15. gangster boss or terrorist 黑帮大哥或者恐怖分子

16. recidivism 累计犯罪

17. repetitive criminalities = continuous crimes 累计犯罪

18. reform malefactors = reclaim law-breakers 改造犯罪分子

19. It is notoriously hard for released prisoners to earn a decent living, especially when they lack the basic working skills or survival abilities 对于刑满释放人员来说,体面谋生尤其艰难,特别是当他们缺乏基本工作技能及生存能力的时候。

20. As for some juvenile criminals or those who are led astray, they, in most cases, have few chances of receiving fine education and thus own poor law-abiding consciousness. 对于一些少年犯或者过失犯罪者,他们大多情况下没有机会接受良好教育,因此缺乏守法意识。

21. …… endanger the stability of the society and afflict numerous sufferers 破坏社会的稳定以及折磨许多的受害者

点评:写作犯罪或者惯性犯罪的影响

22. the hardship of making a living 谋生的艰难

23. take revenge on the community which they think unfair 报复他们认为不公平的社会

24. has a deterrent role to play in…… 可以在……方面发挥威慑作用

拓展:deter sb from doing sth = stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做……

25. provide sb with custom-tailored ways of reclamation 应该提供量体裁衣(因人而异)的改造方式。

语料库:

1. The rate of various criminalities,in some counties, keeps on increasing in recent decades, which not only afflicts the sufferers but also jeopardizes the security of the society 近年来,各种犯罪率居高不下,不仅给受害者带来痛苦,也威胁到社会的稳定。

2. some people tend to believe that = an argument hold by some people is that …… 有人认为 ……

3. however,my stand is that …… 然而,我的立场是 ……

4. primary = for a start = first 第一

5. also = further = another reason to be considered is that …… 第二

6. last = eventually = to make the final point 第三

7. in other words = more precisely = by that I mean 换言之

8. granted,I confess that = indeed, I have to concede that 的确,我承认……

9. Nonetheless, it is rather superficial to simply believe that …… 然而,简单认为……相当肤浅

10. In the final analysis, I re-affirm my conviction that ……最后,我重申我的立场 ……