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雅思写作你不得不知的技巧 教你3招掌握高端作文写法

中国雅思网 发表时间:2017年1月4日
雅思写作考试,讲真,你用平庸的写法写出的就是平庸分数的作文,你用高端的写法写出的就是高端分数的作文。那么问题来了,什么样的作文是高端的作文呢?千万不要以为用语法复杂的长难句秀所谓的“高端”,真正的高端作文是有清晰的框架,语法结构,多样的句型以及恰当的词汇组成,一起看全文吧!

 一.确定文章的框架和语法结构是雅思议论文写作的前提。

文章的framework即文章的结构永远是决定一篇写作是否达到要求的最重要的标准,即一篇文章好不好,首先看的不是他的句型, 词汇, 或是论点等。 而是段落之间的衔接一定要十分清楚,我们不能老是采用大三段的形式-开头,经过,结尾。我们可以多用用连接词,例如:first of all, morever, secondly, lastly等。另外可以多分自然段,给考官一目了然的感觉。

以下原则是在考虑选择何种语法结构时可以参考的原则:

1. 一个句子的主语和谓语动词应该能够反映句子中的最重要的意思。例如:

The situation that resulted in my grandfather's not being able to study

engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

从意思上来分析,上面这句话需要表达的重要的概念是“grandfather’s not being able to study”,而在表达这个概念时,原句用的主语是situation,谓语动词是was,不能强调需要表达的重点概念,可以改为下面这句话:

My grandfather couldn't study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

2.避免频繁使用“there be”结构,例如下面的句子:

There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.

可以改为:

My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

更简洁的句式为:

My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

3.把从句改为短语或单词。例如:

Dairy cows were raised on the farm, which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

简介的表达方式为:

The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers to the nearest university.

4.仅在需要强调宾语而不是主语的时候,才使用被动语态。例如:

In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather's family.

本句不够简洁的原因是本句的重心应该是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather's family”,而使用了被动语态后,仿佛重心变成了cows和hay。下面的表达方式是主动语态,相对来说更简洁一些:

In the fall, my grandfather's family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.