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雅思小作文动态图:1个变化的25种翻译方式~

中国雅思网 发表时间:2017年6月16日

  在学术类雅思全年48次考试中,有20次以上的小作文为动态图,即有时间变化的,需要着重描述趋势的数据类图。而常见的趋势,不论是上升、下降还是波动和不变,都可能在文章中出现不止一次。如何在每次表达变化的时候,增加更多的句型变化,一直是困扰考生的头等大事。

  今天,希望我的一个简单的示范,以及“费尽心机”的25种翻译方式,让你下次在表示数据变化的时候,不要捉襟见肘。

  所有的句子都以下面的这个内容为翻译对象:

  巴西的咖啡出口在上升

  (1990年:50 million kg;2000年:80 million kg)

  1. 简单句:主谓宾

  The amount of coffee exported by Brazil increased sharply from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000.

  2. 简单句:there be

  There was a sharp increase in the amount of coffee exported by Brazil from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000.

  3. 简单句:呈现趋势  

  The amount of coffee exported by Brazil showed an upward trend from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000.

  4. 简单句:目睹变化

  The decade between 1990 to 2000 witnessed an upward trend from 50 million kg to 80 million kg in the amount of coffee exported by Brazil.

  5. 简单句:发现变化

  A sharp increase from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000 was recorded in the amount of coffee exported by Brazil.

  6. 简单句:前后比较

  More coffee was exported in Brazil, from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000.

  7. 简单句:相同趋势

  A similar trend was found in coffee export in Brazil from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000. (假设前述其他国家也是上升的)

  8. 简单句:不同趋势

  A different trend was found in coffee export in Brazil from 50 million kg in 1990 to 80 million kg in 2000. (假设前述其他国家是下降的)

  9. 拆分起点数据

  The amount of coffee exported by Brazil was 50 million kg in 1990, and it increased sharply to 80 million kg in 2000.

  10. 拆分终点数据

  The amount of coffee exported by Brazil increased sharply by 30 million kg from 1990, and it finally reached 80 million kg in 2000.

  11. 起点数据分词

  Starting at 50 million kg in 1990, the amount of coffee exported by Brazil increased sharply to 80 million kg in 2000.

  12. 终点数据分词

  The amount of coffee exported by Brazil showed an upward trend from 50 million kg in 1990, reaching 80 million kg in 2000.

  13. 原因状语从句

  There was a sharp increase in the amount of coffee exported by Brazil, as the figure was only 50 million kg in 1990 but 80 million kg in 2000.

  14. 结果状语从句

  The amount of coffee exported by Brazil showed an upward trend from 50 million kg in 1990, so it finally reached 80 million kg in 2000.

  15. 时间状语从句

  The amount of coffee exported by Brazil showed an upward trend between 1990 and 2000, when it increased sharply from 50 million kg to 80 million kg.