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你真会雅思写作范文的学习方法吗

中国雅思网 发表时间:2017年7月10日
备考阶段的烤鸭们,相信都没少看雅思作文的高分范文,背诵范文的人也不在少数。可背了,你真的会用吗?会用就一定用对吗?可能并没有。一篇高分范文,从文章结构,语法,词汇量上肯定没问题,同时结构、逻辑、观点也很到位。但理解到运用还有一个过程,这个过程花费的精力绝对不比背诵范文来的轻松。

 今天就教你,到底应该正确的雅思写作范文学习方法。

先找观点,然后重构

理解思维,需要重构文章和段落。雅思作文字数不多,用议论文的方法将观点将透彻是不现实的。

这就更需要我们在写作时,观点之间要逻辑通顺,条理清晰。

我们该怎么做到呢?

从范文中找方法。一起看看simon大神的范文

题目:

More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult. Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city. How can governments make urban life better for everyone?

范文:

Cities are often seen as places of opportunity, but there are also some major drawbacks of living in a large metropolis. In my opinion, governments could do much more to improve city life for the average inhabitant.

The main problem for anyone who hopes to migrate to a large city is that the cost of living is likely to be much higher than it is in a small town or village. Inhabitants of cities have to pay higher prices for housing, transport, and even food. Another issue is that urban areas tend to suffer from social problems such as high crime and poverty rates in comparison with rural areas. Furthermore, the air quality in cities is often poor, due to pollution from traffic, and the streets and public transport systems are usually overcrowded. As a result, city life can be unhealthy and stressful.

However, there are various steps that governments could take to tackle these problems. Firstly, they could invest money in the building of affordable or social housing to reduce the cost of living. Secondly, politicians have the power to ban vehicles from city centres and promote the use of cleaner public transport, which would help to reduce both air pollution and traffic congestion. In London, for example, the introduction of a congestion charge for drivers has helped to curb the traffic problem. A third option would be to develop provincial towns and rural areas, by moving industry and jobs to those regions, in order to reduce the pressure on major cities.

In conclusion, governments could certainly implement a range of measures to enhance the quality of life for all city residents.

以第二段为例,我们一起把simon的观点划出来,方便后面的重构。

画出金字塔结构


 simon大神的第二段,用金字塔结构重构,就是这样了。红色方框阐述了哪些问题,蓝色方块与红色方块则有逻辑关系了。

这两层之间,纵向逻辑关系,只有三种关系存在(为什么,如何,你怎么知道)。

而simon用的就是how,比如大城市生活成本高于小城市,这是他提出的观点,基于观点他需要解释在哪些方面生活成本更高。

画图,可以帮你理清思路,把一些不重要的信息过滤掉。