Since they don't have any children and their rent is very cheap, they've a lot of disposable income.
>> conspicuous consumption
=buying expensive things to show people how rich someone is
Many people believe that conspicuous consumption is an antisocial behaviour.
>> levy a tax on...
= officially request payment of a tax
A new tax has been levied an cigarettes.
A small family car is more economical than a large car.
>> be cost-effective
=be economical in terms of the services received for the money spent
We need a cost-effective solution to the problem.
>> be penny-wise and pound-foolish
= be extremely careful about small amounts of money but not careful enough about larger amounts
These education budget cuts are really penny-wise and pound-foolish.
a source of income
Edward does not have any other source of income apart from his job
>> scrimp and save to do sth.
=spend very little money because you want to save it to buy sth. expensive
They had to scrimp and save to pay for the holiday.
>> belong to sb.
= be owned by sb.
If you take things belonging to the company without permission, you will face disciplinary action.
make ends meet
My wages were so low I had to take a side job just to make ends meet.
>> be broke
= be completely without money
I'm always broke by the end of the month.
>> abject poverty
= extreme poverty
Over a billion people are still living in abject poverty and each year, over six millionchildren die as a result of malnutrition.
the cost of living
If you are a student planning on moving to London, one important consideration will be the cost of living there.
>> standard of living
= the type of lice that a person or society has
Britain has a varied standard of living, from the very affordable to the really expensive.
= a document that you get from someone showing that you have given them money
If you return wanted shoes straightaway , with a receipt，the shop will probably give you a refund.
cost sb. a fortune
A tank of petrol can cost you a fortune these days.
>> The bill for...is exorbitant.
= being very expensive
The bill for dinner in that restaurant is exorbitant.
>> prohibitively high prices
= prices that are so high they prevent people from buying sth.
Apart from the prohibitively high medicine prices, the cost of maintaining medical equipment is rising as well.
>> be free of charge
= cost nothing
You can buy two and pay for just one一the other is free of charge.
>> make a fortune
= earn a very large amount of money
Even if you don't make a fortune from this herb, there are few sights more attractive than a field of purple coneflowers.
the haves and the have-nots
Unfortunately, the gap between the haves and the have-nots has been widening.
>> accumulate wealth
= collect a large amount of money over a long period of time
Benjamin accumulated much of his wealth through real estate investment.
a status symbol
Green cars are considered status symbols these days.
>> luxury goods
goods for which demand increases more than proportionally as income rises
Expensive clothes and accessories are considered luxury goods.
= sth. that can be bought and sold
Fish were a vital commodity in growing towns and cities where food supplies were a constant concern.
She's an acquisitive person，always wanting to gain and possess new things.
= being too interested in someone's own abilities or appearance
Reece wants the job purely for the reason of vanity.
tighten one's belt
Joel had to tighten his belt since he lost his job.
>> do sth. on a shoe string
= do sth. using very little money
This business is run on a shoestring.
cannot afford sth.
They can't afford such expensive holidays.
>> be beyond sb. 's means
= be too expensive for sb.
The medical charges are beyond the means of needy families.
The hotel we stayed in was dirt-cheap, but our room was very nice.
>> a bargain
= a hover-than-usual price
These shoes are a bargain at just 15 pounds.
>> be undervalued
= be considered to be worth less than sth. really is
Smell is probably the most undervalued sense in many cultures.
go on a shopping spree
Rasie went on a shopping spree this weekend.
= the activity of looking at things in shop windows but not buying anything
Window-shopping is fun for some and frustrating for others.光看不买的行为对一些人来说是种乐趣，而对另一些人来说则十分讨厌了。
keep track of sth.
Scarlett found it hard to keep track of her expenses.
>> loss track of sth.
= fail to keep track of sth.
Kaya never lost track of her favourite celebrities.
We tried to raise eighty thousand pounds，but unfortunately we fell short by about ten thousand.
>> fall short of one's expectations
= is disappointing to someone
He kept falling short of my expectations.
Only... won't balk at this price.
Only well-heeled business people won't balk at this price, especially when buyers can get just 3 hours of battery life.
>> a prohihitive price
= a price that is too high for the average people
The price of land in London is prohibtive.
The laptop looks pretty cool and this is the closest I've ever got to actually coveting a Dell laptop.
>> envy sb.
= want very much to do sth. that sb. else does
I envy people who are always optimistic.
The UN provided financial support to the refugees.
>> financial aid
= money that an organisation or a government gives to a country or an area
Some people believe that the government should spend less on overseas financial aid.
>> financial issue
= financial subject that people discuss
Financial issues are critical to the goverment.
keep up with the Joneses
This society has been having a "keeping up with the Joneses" complex for years and now it's crashing down around its people.
>> peer pressure
= the influence other people of your age have on the way you behave
Peer pressure can be very disorienting for children.