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雅思英语词汇积累:社会问题

中国雅思网 发表时间:2018年2月6日

  盗版问题 problem of piracy

  豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects

  假日经济 Holiday Economy

  假文凭 fake diplomas

  减负 reduction of students' study load

  减员增效 increase efficiency by downsizing staff

  解除劳动关系 sever labor relation

  可持续性发展 sustainable development

  扩大国内需求 the expansion of domestic demand

  扩大内需 to expand domestic demand

  拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth

  劣质工程 shoddy engineering

  下岗职工 laid-off workers

  国营企业 state enterprise

  国有企业 state-owned enterprise

  私企,民企private enterprise

  跳槽 job-hopping

  外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises

  西部大开发 Development of the West Regions

  西部开发 develop Western Regions

  新知识经济时代 the new knowledge economy age

  信息化 information-based, informationization

  中国加入世贸组织 China's Entry into the WTO

  吃大锅饭 to eat from the same caldron/pot

  传统家庭观念 traditional ideas about families

  农业人口 agricultural population

  生活方式 way of life, mode of life, life style

  生活费用 costs of living, living expenses

  抽样数据 data from the sample survey

  第二产业 secondary industry

  第三产业 tertiary industry

  第一产业 primary industry

  发电量 electric energy production

  共同富裕 common prosperity

  国际收支 international balance of payments

  国家指令性计划 mandatory state plans

  国民生产总值 GNP(Gross National Product)

  国有经济 the state economy

  宏观控制 macro-control

  计划经济 planned economy

  人均国民生产总值 per capita GNP

  人均收入 per capita income

  商品经济 commodity economy

  生产关系 relations of production

  生产力 productive forces

  生产力 productive forces

  生产资料 means of production

  生活资料 means of livelihood/subsistence

  增强综合国力 increase the overall national strength

  整顿经济秩序 rectify economic order

  人口稠密 thickly populated

  生育高峰 birth peak

  生育控制 birth control

  成就感 sense of achievement

  持久的和平 lasting peace

  持续发展 sustained growth

  促进人类文明 promote human civilization

  打击盗版 crack down on piracy

  全球性经济衰退 worldwide economic recession

  维护世界和平 to safeguard world peace

  消除贫困 eliminate poverty

  消除歧视 eliminate discrimination

  充分发挥个人的潜能 bring into full play one's potential

  促进经济金融合作 promote economic and financial cooperation

  素质教育 quality education,education for all-round development

  乱收费,乱摊派,乱罚款 arbitrary charges, fund-raising, quotas and fines

  智力密集型 concentration of brain power; knowledge- intensive

  维护国家独立和主权完整 to safeguard national independence and the integrity of sovereignty

  增进彼此理解和友谊 increase/strengthen/promote/expand mutual understanding and friendship