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雅思听力场景词汇:关键词

中国雅思网 发表时间:2018年3月7日

  一、 关系词的定义和分类

  关系词,即体现句子之间关系的词或词组。也有不少人称之为信号词,或者是连接词。不管在雅思听说读写四门中的任何一门都需要用到这类词,以使得句子更加流畅,句意更加明晰。分析认为,关系词可非分两大类:

  同向关系词:即用上此类词或词组,句子内部或句子间的方向没有发生改变,只是根据前面的句意进一步延伸和细化。将其归纳为:

  举例关系词:for example, for instance, e.g., such as, like, take sth. for example.

  类比关系词:like, alike, similar, same, as.

  选择,并列和递进关系词:or, either…or, and, as well, also, besides, apart from, in addition, what’s more, furthermore, moreover.

  因果关系词:表示由引起的,后接原因的词或词组:because,because of,as a result of, as a consequence of, due to, result from, be attributed to, be contributed to, arise from, owing to, thanks to, in that.

  表示导致,后接结果的词或者词组:so, therefore, thus, as a result, as a consequence, lead to, result in, attribute to, contribute to, give rise to, bring about, generate.

  总结关系词:in conclusion, to conclude, to sum up, in sum, all in all, in brief.

  2. 逆向关系词:

  逆向关系词,即用上此类词或词组,句子内部或句子间的方向发生改变,前后句子意思形成相反关系。总结发现,这类词包含:

  否定关系词:not, none, no, never, non-, dis-, un-, in-, im-, -less, few, little, hardly, barely, seldom, neither…nor.

  转折和让步关系词:but, however, yet, nevertheless, nonetheless, in fact, actually, despite, in spite of, although, even though, though.

  对比关系词:unlike,by contrast, in contrast, on the contrary, conversely.