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雅思阅读考试中常见的100个短语(上)

中国雅思网 发表时间:2018年7月18日

这些短语大部分来自雅思历年阅读真题文章当中,希望各位同学每天最好背20个英语短语,这样不到一周的时间就能把这100个全部拿下来。到时候,你们就会发现做起阅读题来是非常得心应手的!


以下就是为大家带来的雅思阅读考试中常见的100个短语,希望对各位的备考有所帮助:


1. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。

2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在

3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉

4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态):beabsorbed in 全神贯注于…近:beengrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; becentered on

5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be wellsupplied with) 富于,富有

6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解

7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地,

8. of one’s own accord(=without beingasked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主动地

9. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

10. with one accord (=with everybodyagreeing)一致地

11. in accordance with (=in agreementwith) 依照,根据

12. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2)(=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3)(=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.

13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去

14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由)

15. account for (=give an explanation orreason for) 解释, 说明.

16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.

17. on no account(=in no case, for noreason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装)

18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb.for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告

19. be accustomed to (=be in the habitof, be used to)习惯于.

20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledgeof) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; actfor 代理

22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable fora new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)

24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之

25. in addition to(=as well as, besides,other than)除…外

26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to,comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循

27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应;

29. admit of (=be capable of, leave roomfor) …的可能,留有…的余地.

30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先.

31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.

32. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

33. take advantage of (=make the best of,utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.

34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意

35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前.

37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.

38. above all (=especially, mostimportant of all) 尤其是, 最重要的.

39. in all (=counting everyone oreverything, altogether) 总共, 总计

40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎.

41. allow for (=take into consideration,take into account) 考虑到, 估计到.

42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.

43. answer for (undertake responsibilityfor, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.

44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合.

45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for

46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用.

49. apply to 与…有关;适用

50. approve of (=consent to, be in favorof, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approvevt. 批准