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剑桥雅思阅读题型分类练习解析:摘要找词题3

中国雅思网 发表时间:2018年7月18日

[C6T1P3-P29]

33. It would clearlybe impossible for the people to engage in 33______as a means of supportingthemselves.

 

答案: farming

 

原文:Farming is out of the question and nature offers meager pickings.

 

同义替换:impossible = out of the question

 

34&35. For thousands of years they havehad to rely on catching 34_____and 35______as a means of sustenance.

 

答案: sea mammals

 

原文:Humans first settled in the Arctic a mere4,500 years ago, surviving by exploiting sea mammals and fish.

 

同义替换:rely on…. as a means of sustenance =surviving by ; catching = exploiting

 

36 The 36_______people were an example of thelatter and for them the environment did not prove unmanageable.

 

答案: Thule

 

原文:The environment tested them to the limits ;...one group emerged thatwas uniquely well adapted to cope with the Arctic environment. ; These Thulepeople moved in from Alaska...

 

同义替换:did not prove unmanageable = was uniquelywell adapted

 

37. The territory ofNunavut consists of little more than ice, rock and a few 37_______

 

答案: islands

 

原文:Nunavut is 1.9 million square kilometers of rock and ice, and a handfulof islands around the North Pole.

 

同义替换:territory = square kilometers ; a few = ahandful of

 

38&39&40. Inrecent years, many of them have been obliged to give up their 38_____lifestyle,but they continue to depend mainly on 39______for their food and clothes. 40______produceis particularly expensive

 

38 答案: nomadic

 

原文:Over the past 40 years, most have abandoned their nomadic ways... ;

 

同义替换:give up = have abandoned ; lifestyle = ways

 

39. 答案: nature

 

原文:...but they still rely heavily on nature to provide food and clothing.

 

同义替换:depend mainly on = rely heavily on ; for =provide

 

40. 答案: Imported

 

原文:It would cost a family around £7,000 a year to replace meat theyobtained themselves through hunting with imported meat.

 

同义替换:expensive = cost a family around £7,000 ayear

 

[C6T4P3-P97]

35. The mostimportant step is for the school authorities to produce a 35_______which makesthe school's attitude towards bullying quite clear.

 

答案: policy

 

原文:Evidence suggests that a key step is to develop a policy on bullying, sayingclearly what is meant by bullying, and giving explicit guidelines on what willbe done if it occurs, what records will be kept, who will be informed, whatsanctions will be employed.

 

同义替换:important = key ; produce = develop ;attitude = saying

 

36. It shouldinclude detailed 36______as to how the school and its staff will react ifbullying occurs.

 

答案: (explicit) guidelines

 

原文:Evidence suggests that a key step is to develop a policy on bullying,saying clearly what is meant by bullying, and giving explicit guidelines onwhat will be done if it occurs, what records will be kept, who will beinformed, what sanctions will be employed.

 

同义替换:detailed = explicit ; react = what will bedone

 

37. In addition,action can be taken through the 37_________

 

答案: (school) curriculum

 

原文:There are ways of dealing with the topic through the curriculum, usingvideo, drama and literature.

 

同义替换:action = ways of dealing with

 

38. For example,potential 38_______of bullying can be trained to be more self-confident.

 

答案: victims  

 

原文: Assertiveness training for pupils who are liable to be victims isworthwhile, and certain approaches to group bullying such as 'no blame', can beuseful in changing the behaviour of bullying pupils without confronting themdirectly, although other sanctions may be needed for those who continue withpersistent bullying.

 

同义替换:potential = are liable to ; be trained =training

 

39. Playgroundsupervision will be more effective if members of staff are trained to recognizethe difference between bullying and mere 39________

 

答案: playful fighting

 

原文:One helpful step is to train lunchtime supervisors to distinguish bullyingfrom playful fighting, and help them break up conflicts.

 

同义替换:effective = helpful ; members of staff =lunchtime supervisors ; recognize the difference = distinguish ……from