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剑桥雅思阅读题型分类练习解析:摘要找词题5

中国雅思网 发表时间:2018年7月18日

[C7T4P1-P91]

The Egyptians had 8_______,which could lift large pieces of 9______, and they knew how to use the energyof the wind from their skill as 10______

 

8. 答案: (wooden) pulleys

 

原文:And they are known to have used wooden pulleys, which could have beenmade strong enough to bear the weight of massive blocks of stone.

 

同义替换:lift = bear the weight of ; large pieces =massive blocks

 

9. 答案: stone

 

原文:And they are known to have used wooden pulleys, which could have beenmade strong enough to bear the weight of massive blocks of stone.

 

同义替换:large pieces of = massive blocks of

 

10. 答案: (accomplished) sailor

 

原文:Harnessing the wind would not have been a problem for accomplishedsailors like the Egyptians.

 

同义替换:they knew how to = would not have been aproblem ; use = Harnessing

 

The discovery on onepyramid of an object which resembled a 11______suggests they may haveexperimented with 12_______

 

11. 答案: (modern) glider

 

原文:A wooden artifact found on the step pyramid at Saqqara looks uncannilylike a modern glider. Although it dates from several hundred years after thebuilding of the pyramids, its sophistication suggests that the Egyptians mighthave been developing ideas of flight for a long time.

 

同义替换:resembled = looks like

 

12. 答案: flight

 

原文:Although it dates from several hundred years after the building of thepyramids, its sophistication suggests that the Egyptians might have beendeveloping ideas of flight for a long time.

 

同义替换:have experimented = have been developingideas

 

13. In addition,over two thousand years ago kites were used in China as weapons, as well as forsending 13______

 

答案: messages

 

原文:And other ancient civilisations certainly knew about kites; as early as1250 BC, the Chinese were using them to deliver messages and dump flamingdebris on their foes.

 

同义替换:weapons = dump flaming debris ; as well as =and ; sending = deliver

 

[C9T4P2-P95]

24. First, childrencome to realise that they can have an effect on the world around them, forexample by handling objects, or causing the image to move when they face a 24 _______

 

答案: mirror

 

原文:However, Lewis and Brroks-Gunn ( 1979 )suggest that infants' developing understanding that the movements they see inthe mirror are contingent on their own, leads to a growing awareness that theyare distinct from other people.

 

同义替换:realise = understanding ; move = movements ;face = see

 

25. This aspect of self-awareness isdifficult to research directly, because of 25_______problems.

 

答案: communication

 

原文:Empirical investigations of the self-as-subject in young children are,however, rather scarce because of difficulties of communication.

 

同义替换:self-awareness = self-as-subject ; difficultto research = rather scarce ; problems = difficulties of

 

26. In Westernsocieties at least, the development of self-awareness is often linked to asense of 26______and can lead to disputes.

 

答案: ownership

 

原文:Although it may be less marked in other societies, the link between thesense of 'self' and of 'ownership' is a notable feature of childhood in Westernsocieties.

 

同义替换:self-awareness = the sense of 'self' ; isoften linked to = the link between …..and…..is a notable feature