1. What is the difference between big companies and small companies?
不用列举太多的不同哦，只要2-3个即可。还有一点儿要注意的是，我们不要多太绝对的语言，比如‘all the big companies’或者‘every small company’这样的字眼;可以多使用vague language，比如‘perhaps’‘probably’‘most likely’‘possibly’等。
plenty of clear differences 很多明显的区别
whereas in contrast 然而反过来
while on the other hand 而另一面
get promoted 升职
get a promotion 升职
Well obviously there are plenty of clear differences, but I guess one of the most obvious one is that there are a lot more employees in big businesses while on the other hand there might be only a few people in a really small place, like family business or stuff like that. Apart from that, another point I can think of is that you might be able to have more chances to get staff trainings to work on your professional skills in a bigger place whereas in contrast when you just start working in a small place, they might just expect you to skip the training part.
2. What are the good things about working for a big company?
‘good things’就是好的方面的意思，也可以用‘advantages’‘benefits’‘positive aspects’这样的词去替换。当我们回答的时候可以尽量绕开‘good things’这个原题的表达，用用转述。
positive aspects 积极的方面
clear benefits 明显的优点
plus point 优势/优点
Well, I suppose that there are quite a few clear benefits, but I would probably say that the most obvious part is that people might have more chances of getting a promotion in a big business because there will be loads of positions so you can work your way up. As well as this, another good bit about working in a proper company is that you are more likely to be granted some benefit like health insurance, group travels or stuff like that.
3. Why do some companies prefer senior employees?
remain at the same place 停留在同一个地方
first thing you might have noticed 你首先可能注意到的
slightly more stable 有些更稳定
Well, I guess it’s mainly because there are loads of benefits when it comes to hiring senior employees. First thing you might have noticed is that older staff are always more experienced in a certain area. I mean they know what they are doing. Plus the HR department doesn’t have to spend too much time or money training them. What’s more, new graduates might tend to keep changing their jobs and that whereas older employees would want to remain at the same company and they are normally slightly more stable.
4. How can big companies pay attention to the environment protection?
manufacturing factory 制造厂
put in money 投资
second hand 二手货
Well, to be honest, I don’t know. I mean what they are doing now, is moving some of the manufacturing factories to other South Asian places like Vietnam, Thailand or places like that. But of course I’m not saying that’s a better way of protecting the environment, but I’m not an expert in this. What I can think of though, is that they can perhaps focus more on recycling, you know, like they can put in some money and work on second-hand stuff, like charity shops or things like that.