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虚拟语气!雅思写作口语从6破7必经一步!

中国雅思网 发表时间:2018年11月24日
资料来源于爱学啦

1.用在动词wish之后

在动词wish后的宾语从句中,从句动词用过去时表示与现在事实相反的愿望;从句动词用过去完成时表示与过去事实相反的愿望;

 

从句中用 “would/could+动词原形”则表示将来难以实现的愿望。

 

I wish I knew how to operate the machine.

我要是会操作这台机器该多好啊。

 

We wish you had come to our English evening.

我们真希望你来参加了我们的英语晚会。

 

I wish I would try again.我真希望能再试一次。

注意:wish与hope的区别

 

wish后的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,而hope后的宾语从句要用陈述语气

 

I hope you'll be better soon.

我希望你能很快好起来。

 

2.用在would rather/would sooner后的宾语从句中

would rather和would sooner可以后接一个有自己的主语的宾语从句,从句内容是宁愿他人做什么或宁愿某物怎么样。

 

这种宾语从句中用过去时表示现在和将来的虚拟内容,用过去完成时表示过去的虚拟内容。

 

I wish I had seen you yesterday.

我希望昨天能见到你。

 

I'd rather you went home now.

我倒宁愿你现在回家。

 

I would rather you came tomorrow.

我倒宁愿你明天来。

 

I would rather you had stayed at home last night.

我倒宁愿你昨天晚上呆在家里。

 

3.用在表示命令、建议等意义的动词后的宾语从句中

在表示提议、要求、命令、意愿、决定等意义的动词

 

(如suggest, decide, require, request, demand, propose, insist, order, prefer等)

后的宾语从句中,常用 "should+动词原形",should常被省略。

 

The experiment has failed.

实验失败了。

 

I suggest you try again.

我建议你再试一次。

 

Almost all his friends suggested that he visit Mr. Johnson at once.

几乎他所有的朋友都建议他去拜访约翰逊先生。

 

Jane's pale face suggested that she was ill, and her parents suggested that she have a medical examination.

詹脸色苍白,表明她病了。她父母建议她做一次体格检查。

 

I insist that a doctor be sent for immediately.

我坚持立即请医生。

 

4.巧记10个虚拟动词

1、“一、二、三、四”法。

一个坚持,两个命令,

三个建议,四个要求。

一个“坚持(insist)”;

两个“命令(order,command)”;

三个“建议(suggest, propose, advise)”;

四个“要求(demand, require, request, ask)”

 

2.“Discrop(无收获)”法。

由这个词的每一个字母联想一个词或两个词:demand,insist,suggest,command, request,require,order,propose。

 

3.用句联想法。

由句子“I drop cars”的每一个字母联想一个或两个动词:

insist,demand,request,order,propose,command,advise,ask ,require,suggest.

 

5.虚拟语气在主语从句中的用法

1、It +be+形容词+主语从句

“It +is +形容词+that引导的主语从句”句型,用动词原形或“should+动词原形”虚拟语气。常用于本句型的形容词有:

 

necessary, important, impossible等;还有与表示提议、要求、命令等动词同源的形容词词,

 

如 desirable(←desire), urgent(←urge), advisable(←advise), preferable(←prefer)等。

 

It is necessary that he listen to the radio frequently.

她很有必要常听收音机。

 

It is strange that he (should) have so many friends.

真奇怪,他居然有这么多的朋友。

 

2、It+be+过去分词+主语从句

 

“It +is +过去分词+that引导的主语从句”,可用“(should) +动词原形”。

 

常用于这一句型的过去分词有:suggested, required, requested, demanded, urged, ordered, proposed, desired, advised, etc.

 

It is ordered that we (should) go at once.

命令我们立刻出发。

 

It has been decided that the meeting (should) be put off.

已决定推迟会议。

 

6.虚拟语气在状语从句中的用法

1、虚拟语气在as if/as though引导的方式状语从句中的用法

 

虚拟语气用在as if/as though引导的方式状语从句中,谓语动词用过去时(be用 were)或"had+ 过去分词" 形式。

 

When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken.如果把铅笔的部分放在盛水玻璃杯中,铅笔看上去好像断了。

 

The two strangers talked as if they had been friends for years.

那两个陌生人走在一起,好像是多年的朋友。

 

It seems as if it were spring already.

现在仿佛已是春天了。

 

He spoke as though he had known it.

他说起话来,好像他知道了似的。

 

2、虚拟语气在目的状语从句中的用法