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雅思写作技巧:倒装句实例讲解

中国雅思网 发表时间:2013年2月19日

雅思写作高分需要大家能够用到一些比较复杂的句型,倒装句就是一个。倒装句句型在考生的雅思写作中并不常见,所以大家如果能把倒装句恰当的应用到雅思写作中就会产生一种意想不到的效果。

1.Halfway across the room, a small pistol in his hand, stood a man.

结构:全句只有1个谓语动词:stood.本句是完全倒装结构,按正常语序应该是:A small pistol in his hand, a man stood halfway across the room. 其中,a small pistol in his hand 是一个独立主格结构,修饰主语a man.

翻译:一名男子站在屋子中间,手里拿着一支手枪。

2.They do not seem to like one another very much, neither are they too keen on conventional people.

结构:全句有2个谓语动词:do和are.本句的后半部分是一个主谓倒装的单句,按正常语序应该是:They are neither too keen on conventional people. 注意neither指的是“(两个中的)一个都不”。

翻译:他们看起来不太喜欢彼此。他们也都不怎么喜欢传统的人(普通人)。

3.Down came the “white only” notices in buses, hotels, trains, restaurants, sporting events, rest rooms and on park benches that once could be found everywhere throughout the South.

结构:全句有2个谓语动词:came,could be.其中主句的是:came.按照正常语序句子主干应该是:The “white only” notices … came down. Notices后面的介词短语,作为后置定语修饰notices.介词短语后面还有一个that引导的定语从句修饰notices.为了避免主语部分过于冗长,因而将主谓倒装。

翻译:曾经一度在南部的公车上,旅馆里,火车上,饭店里,在体育赛事中,在公共卫生间里,在公园长椅上到处可见的“白人专用”的牌子已经取下。

4.Quite different is the outcome of successful insurrections like those of July 1830 and February 1848.

结构:全句只有1个谓语动词:is.本句是一个完全倒装句,按照正常语序应该是:The outcome of successful insurrections like those of July 1830 and February 1848, is quite different.介词短语like those of…作为后置定语修饰insurrections,其中为了省略而使用those 代替the insurrections.

翻译:像1830年7月起义和1848年2月起义这样的成功起义的结果是大不相同的。

5.Splendid is the architecture of Manhattan, the heart of the city, with its hundred and more skyscrapers.

结构:全句只有1个谓语动词:is.本句是一个完全倒装句。按照正常语序应该是:The architecture of Manhattan, the heart of the city, with its hundred and more skyscrapers, is splendid.

翻译:作为这座城市的中心,曼哈顿的摩天大厦有百余幢之多,其建筑十分壮观。

6.Especially popular were his Sunday evening dinners, usually followed by musical performances.

结构:全句只有1个谓语动词:were.本句是一个完全倒装句,按照正常语序应该是:His Sunday evening dinners, usually followed by musical performances, were especially popular. 过去分词短语followed by musical performances作为后置定语修饰dinners.

翻译:他的周日晚餐尤其受欢迎,晚餐结束后通常还有音乐演出。

7.Only in recent years have women begun to catch up with men in this area.

结构:全句只有1个谓语动词:begun.本句是一个以only开头的主谓倒装句,按照正常语序应该是:Women have begun to catch up with men in this area only in recent years. Only在句中起强调作用,所强调的是in recent years.

翻译:仅仅是近几年来,妇女才开始在这个领域赶上男子。

8.Worse perhaps was the idea of Saturday afternoon cricket; most of my friends would be enjoying leisure at that time.

结构:全句有2个谓语动词:was和would be.整句话由两个简单句构成,其中第一个简单句是一个完全倒装句,按照正常语序应该是:The idea of Saturday afternoon cricket was perhaps worse.

翻译:星期六下午去打板球这主意也许更糟糕;那个时候我的朋友通常都会自在享受悠闲时光。

上面就是为大家整理的8个雅思写作常用倒装句型。倒装句在雅思写作中是一个非常有用的句型。如果运用得当,这个句型的特殊结构会使考官在看到文章的时候立刻就会注意到,是雅思写作拿高分的一个重要因素。